1.3.2 1-3-1 Match up defence
The key concepts of the 1-1-3 defence are:
- Deny all penetrating passes;
- Influence the ball to one side of the court and keep it there;
- Deny passes to the post – “front” low post players;
- Keep hands up and active to stop passes;
- Never let a cutter on the “strong side” get in front of a defender.
Initially one guard (x1) defends the ball – the “up” guard. The second guard (x2) denies the high post area. The guards have responsibility to guard the ball above the free throw line.
The “frontline” (x3, x4 and x5) take position in the back of the zone, staying in front of any low post player.
When the ball is passed to the wing, the front line moves to defend the ball. The frontline and the guards adjust to form a “box” with two defenders at the high and low post (in front of any offensive players) and two defenders in the “help” position.
The players in the “help” position are positioned the same as “split line” in “man to man”.
If the ball is then reversed to the point, the “back” guard moves to defend the ball. They should hesitate before moving, to give the other guard time to recover to the high post position.
The middle player in the frontline can also hedge toward the foul line to provide additional protection.
This restores the initial alignment.
On a pass to the corner, the nearest front line player defends the corner player and the opposite front line player moves across the baseline to front any low post player. They should move on the baseline side of a post player.
The front line player that was defending the high post, rotates down to the help position. They do not move to the low post (although they may be closer) as they have a poor angle and could be easily sealed by the post player.
Practising the 1-1-3 Match Up Zone
An effective way of developing any match up zone defence is to play it against 6, 7 or even 8 offensive players. Initially, limiting the offensive players to passing the ball and then allowing them freedom to dribble and ultimately cut.
When a team is initially learning the “slides” or movements within the match up zone, it can be useful to work separately with the guards and the frontline.
Rebounding in the 1-1-3 Match Up
If the shot is taken from either the corner or the wing, the frontline defender who is in front of the low post player has no “blocking out” responsibilities (as they are in a poor position). They should drop step past the post player into the key to contest for the rebound.
Other players rotate away from where the shot was taken and “find a body” to box out.
Trapping in the 1-1-3
Trapping in the 1-1-3 is mostly done in the corner, with the wing defender following the pass to act as a “trapper”.
The frontline defender and guard still front any low or high post players, being active to intercept any pass.
The back guard must move down to be in a help position behind any low post player.