2.4 Timing violations
The timing violations are:
Once a team has the ball in their front court, an offensive player cannot be in the “key” for more than 3 seconds. When a shot is taken, the 3 second count stops. If a player steps out of the key (with both feet) they can then re-enter the key and have another 3 seconds.
A player with the ball that has an opponent guarding them closely must pass, shoot or dribble within 5 seconds
The offensive team cannot take more than 8 seconds to move the ball from their back court into their front court.
A team that takes an offensive rebound will then only have 14 seconds in which to attempt a shot
When a team first has possession of the ball, they have 24 seconds in which to attempt a shot.
The 14 and 24 seconds violations are often not used in local or junior competitions. A separate “shot clock” is used to count this time and requires a dedicated timekeeper who just operates the “shot clock”.